International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences
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(ICV-Poland) Impact Value: 5.62

Online ISSN: 2278-1404

International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Submission of papers: Papers for publication must be submitted via the internet using our online submission system. See the Instructions to Authors for more information.

       International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

(Web address:

Instruction for Authors


International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences (IJFAS) (ISSN- 2278-1404) is a quarterly periodical devoted to publication of original research of experimental nature that contributes significantly to knowledge in cell biology, molecular biology, biotechnology, bioinformatics, endocrinology, reproductive biology, immunology, developmental biology, comparative physiology, radiation biology, chronobiology, microbiology, pharmacology, toxicology and other biological fields including instrumentation and methodology. Papers of routine nature based on gross superficial studies are not acceptable.

Review articles on a current topic in the above fields are also considered. They must dwell more on research work done during the last couple of years in the field and authors should integrate their own work with that of others with acumen and authenticity, mere compilation of references by a third party is discouraged.


It is necessary that the authors get their biological material identified and quote once, on its first citation in the paper, the technical name of the species concerned in full, preceded by its popular name where possible and followed by the name of the author, e.g. the scorpion Heterometrus fulvipes (C L Koch)


Submission of a manuscript to this journal implies that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The International Journal of fundamental and applied sciences (IJFAS) accepts only electronic submissions sent via the Open Journal Systems (OJS). Manuscripts must be in a form of a single Word file. Authors are recommended to consult the back issues of the journal for the form and style of published articles.


If, authors are facing problem in submission through online then manuscript could be submitted through e-mail, as attachment, using word processing software MS Word, along with all the supplementary data to (only after taking permission of managing editors)


Authors are advised to see a recent issue of the journal to get familiar with the format and practices adopted in respect of various elements of a paper.

General style: Manuscript should be presented in as concise a form as possible and prepared in double space on one side of the paper. Pages should be numbered consecutively, and the matter should be arranged in the following order:

·       Cover letter

·       Copyright form duly signed by the author

·       Title page including title; name(s) of author(s); department(s) and institution(s); email address of the corresponding author

·       Blinded manuscript including abstract; keywords; introduction; materials and methods; results; discussion; conclusion; acknowledgement (if any); and references.

·       Tables

·       Figure legends

·       Figures

Title: The title should be such that it is be useful in indexing and information retrieval. If a paper forms part of a series, a subtitle indicating the aspect of the work covered in the paper should be provided.

A short running title should also be supplied.

Authorship. All authors, including co-authors, should be responsible for a significant part of the manuscript. All authors and co-authors should have taken part in writing the manuscript, reviewing it, and revising its intellectual and technical content. Any author whose name appears on a paper assumes responsibility and accountability for the results.

Kindly note Changes in authorship are not permitted after a paper is accepted for publication.


Abstract: The abstract, usually not exceeding 200-250 words should indicate the scope and significant content of the paper highlighting the principal findings and conclusions. It should be in such a form that abstracting periodicals could use it without modification.

Keywords: Provide not more than six keywords.

Introduction: The introductory part should be brief and state precisely the aim of the study. Reviewing of the literature should not exceed what is necessary to indicate the reason for the research undertaken and the essential background.

Materials and Methods: The nomenclature, source of material and procedures should be clearly stated to enable other workers to repeat the work if necessary. New methods should be described in sufficient detail, but if the methods are clearly well recognized, a mere reference to them will do; modification(s) if any, should, however, be given in detail.

For vertebrate animal experimental model, authors should follow ethics prepared by INSA, Animal Welfare Division of the Ministry of Environment & Forest, Council of International Organisation of Medical Sciences (WHO/UNESCO), NIH and PHS.

Results: Only the data which are essential for understanding the discussion and main conclusions emerging from the study should be included. The data should be arranged in unified and coherent sequence so that the report develops clearly and logically. The data should be statistically analysed, and the level of significance should be given. The same data should not be presented both in tabular and graphic forms. Only such tables and figures as are necessary should be given. Interpretation of the data should be taken up under discussion; in some cases, however, it may be desirable to combine results and discussion in a single section.

Discussion: Long, rambling discussion should be scrupulously avoided. The discussion should deal with the interpretations of results without repeating information already presented under results. It should relate the new findings to the known and include logical deductions.

Conclusion: Conclusion

Acknowledgement: Acknowledgement should be brief and for specific assistance only, not for providing routine facilities etceteras.

References: References to literature should be numbered consecutively, following the same sequence in the text and the list appended at the end, and should be indicated in the text by numbers placed in superior position, e.g. Sympathomimetic drug adrenaline has been reported to cause relaxation for the gut in certain Teleost fishes1.

In citing references to research papers, names and initials of authors should be followed, in order by the full title of the paper, the title of the periodical (italicized), the volume number, the year (within circular bracket) and the first page and end page reference, e.g.


Choudhury D, Sahu JK & Sharma GD. Value addition to bamboo shoots: a review. Bioinformatics and Technology. 2012; 49(4): 407-414.


For names of periodicals, the standard abbreviations listed in the International serials Catalogue, published by International Council of Scientific Unions Abstracting Board (ICSUAB), Paris, France, should be used. If the reference is to an article published without any authorship in a periodical, the title of the article takes the place of the author in the citation e.g. The content, influence and value of scientific conference papers and proceedings, Unsco Bull Libr, 16 (1962) 113. In case of accepted papers, names and initials of authors, title of the paper and the name of the journal be given followed by the word "in press" within circular brackets, e.g.


Goyal AK,  Middha SK & Sen A.  Bambusa vulgaris ‘Vittata’ attenuates oxidative stress- An in vitro biochemical assay. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. 2013; 4: (In press).

 Reference to a book should include, in the following order,names and initials of authors, title of the article, the title of the book (italicised), name of publishers and place of publication (within circular bracket), year and the particular page reference, e.g.

Deo Madhav G, Bacterial infections, in Tropical molecular medicine, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1999, Pp. 90.

If the reference is to the work of an author published in a book by a different author or edited by a different person, the fact that it is cited from the source book (italicised) should be clearly indicated, e.g.

Goyal AK, Kar P & Sen A Advancement of bamboo taxonomy in the era of molecular biology: a review. In A Sen (eds) Biology of useful plants and microbes, Narosa publication house, New Delhi, (2013) Pp197-208.


Note: Proceedings of the conferences and the symposia should not be used in references.


On the availability of thesis online only

Reference to a thesis should include the name of the author, title of the thesis (italicised), university or institution to which it was submitted and the year of submission, e.g.

Vijayaraman K, Physiological responses of the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium malcolmsonii to the heavy metals, cadmium, copper, chromium and zinc, Ph.D. thesis, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttrakhand 1994.

Reference to a patent should include names of patentees, country of origin (italicised) and patent number, the organization to which the patent has been assigned (within circular brackets), date of acceptance of the patent and reference to an abstracting periodical where available, e.g.

Trepagnier J H, US Pat 2, 463, 219 (to El du Pont de Nemours & Co.) 1 March 1949; Chemical Abstracr, 43, (1949) 7258.

Even if a reference contains more than two authors, the names of all the authors should be given. The Abbreviation et al, idem, and ibid should not be used.


If references are available in PUBMED then PUBMED ID should be mentioned (PMID 234561)


Tables: Tables should be typed on separate sheet of paper without text matter on the page. They should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and should bear brief title.

Column headings should be brief. Units of measurement should be abbreviated and placed below the headings.  Negative results should be indicated as 'nil' and absence of a datum by a dash. Inclusion of structural formulae inside the tables should be avoided.

Illustrations: Illustrations must be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Captions and legends to the figures should be self-explanatory and should be typed on a separate sheet of paper and attached at the end of the manuscript. . The size of letters, numbers, dots, lines, etc. should be sufficiently large to permit reduction to page size (178 mm) or the column size (85 mm) of the journal, without loss of detail. In case of photographs, prints must be high quality. In case  of photomicrographs, magnification should either be mentioned directly on them using a bar, or  explained in the legend. If an illustration is taken from another publication, reference to the source should be given and prior permission secured. Illustrations should be protected by thick cardboard packing against damage during transit. Illustrations should be referred to in the text by numbers.

Footnotes: Footnotes should be avoided as far as possible. Essential footnotes may, however, be indicated by superscribed asterisk mark (*).

Structural Formulae: The number of structural formulae should be restricted to the bare minimum. Wherever the purpose is adequately served by giving chemical or common names, these should be given.

Enzyme Nomenclature: For enzymes only the trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. In some cases, where the enzyme is the main subject of a paper its code number and systematic name should also be stated at its first citation in the paper.

Abbreviations: Standard International practices for abbreviations should be used in the text and illustrations without full stop mark.


Copyright and Publisher's Rights

All articles published in the journal are protected by copyright.


Page layout & styles

 Page size

 Letter Portrait 8 ½ X 11


 All Margins, 1cm

 Page number

 Numbered at bottom right

 Footer / Headers



 14 pt Open sans, bold, centered.

 Author and co-authors

 12 pt Open sans centered, bold - author and all co-authors names in one line. The corresponding author should include an asterisk*.

 Authors address

 12 pt Open sans centered - giving each authors' affiliation (i.e. Department/Organization/ Address/Place/Country/email). Followed by single line spacing.
Author for Correspondence: 10pt Open sans centered - giving a valid e-mail of the corresponding (main) author is a must. It should be indicated as* followed by two line spacing.


 12 pt Open sans, full justification Normal - maximum 200 words


 12 pt Open sans, full justification – 1.5 line spacing between paragraphs. No indentation

All text should be fully justified. Please put all primary section titles in UPPER CASE letters and subheading in both Upper and Lower Case letters. Do not number your titles (for example, 1.0 Introduction; 2.0 Background). Do not use the tab key to indent blocks of text such as paragraphs of quotes or lists because the page layout program overrides the left margin with its own, and the tabs end up in mid-sentence.

Covering Letter

Disclose all possible conflicts of interest (e.g. funding sources for consultancies or studies of products). Full contact details with postal address (es), phone numbers (mobile & landline) and email IDs (primary & secondary) of the corresponding author must be clearly mentioned. The importance of the paper may be briefly indicated. A list of potential reviewers (not exceeding 5), who should not be from the country of origin of authors, with their phone numbers and email IDs should be included. The suggested reviewers must be working in the same area dealt with in the manuscript. Whether to use their services or not is the discretion of the chief editor.

All manuscripts are considered to be the property of BIOMEDASIA from the time of submission. If we are not publishing the paper, it releases its rights therein at the time the manuscript is rejected following the editorial/peer review or retracted by the authors. Manuscripts published in IJFAS become the sole property of the BIOMEDASIA. The corresponding author, on behalf of all authors, signs a copyright transfer form at the time of acceptance.

Copyright Form

Submission of the manuscript. Copyright Form can be downloaded from submission page (

Types of Contributions

1. Original research papers: Original full-length research papers, which have not been published previously, must not exceed 8,500 words in total (including not more than 6 tables and illustrations).

2. Short communications: This type of manuscripts should not contain more than 3500 words, describing work briefly. But it should still consist of the original research paper parts such as abstract (100-150 words), keywords (up to 6 words), introduction, material & method, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement (if any), and references.

3. Review articles: Reviews will be preferred generally up on an invitation by the Editors. In case, an author would like to submit a review article without invitation, it must focus on a specific topic within the journal scope covering relevant literature published over the previous five years, and must not exceed 10,000 words (including not more than 6 tables and illustrations).

4. Case Study: This type of manuscripts must contain up to 3500 words, describing work briefly. But it should still consist of the original research paper parts such as abstract (100-150 words), keywords (up to 6 words), introduction, material & method, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement (if any), and references.


Note: Do not send hard copies/CDs, until you receive e-mail request from Editorial office.


Check List for Submitting a Manuscript

·       Covering letter

·       Copyright Forms (Signed and Scanned)

·       Manuscript (with Title page, blinded MS, tables, figure legends and figures)

·       Illustrations (if any)


A timely submission, however, is not a guarantee that your work will be accepted for forthcoming publication. All submissions are peer reviewed by the editorial board and a select group of reviewers. Please make sure that all guidelines are followed carefully. All the accepted articles will be queued for publication and will appear in the future issues based on the priorities set by the editorial board.



Galley proofs are generally not sent to authors to avoid delay. Authors should ensure that the data submitted for publication are error-free.

The practice of supplying reprints has since been stopped. However, the PDF file of the article can be accessed through BMA's Online Periodicals repository ( after its publication.