International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal
Advance Search

(ICV-Poland) Impact Value: 5.62

Online ISSN: 2278-1404

International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

In vitro propagation of Bambusa vulgaris cv. Wamin by axillary shoot proliferation


PDF (249 KB)

Year 2014 Vol 3 Issue 4
Document Type : Original article
1Babitha Baskaran1 2Tilak Singh Rathore2 3 Kunigal Jagadishchandra Thara Saraswathi1
1Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Bangalore University, Bengaluru -560056, India
2Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Malleshwaram, Bengaluru- 560012, India
3Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Bangalore University, Bengaluru -560056, India
Abstract
Development of rapid in vitro cloning through axillary shoot proliferation from mature clump for the production of quality planting material has been described.

Explants from 12-year old field grown clump of Bambusa vulgaris cv. Wamin (BVW) from Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Bangalore were used for initiation of cultures. Axillary bud break was achieved 95% of cultures in BVW on MS (Murashige and Skoog) liquid medium supplemented with additives and various combination of auxins IAA, NAA(0.25mgl-1) and cytokinins viz., Kinetin, BAP (0.5-2.5mgl-1), TDZ (0.05-0.25mgl-1 ) . Additives ascorbic acid (50mgl-1), citric acid (25mgl-1) and cysteine (25mgl-1) were added during shoot initiation and shoot multiplication.
The proliferated shoots (2- 3 weeks old) showed rapid multiplication with 27-28 shoots/clump at fifth passage on MS liquid medium supplemented with additives and BAP (5.0mgl-1). A clump of atleast 3 shoots were used for in vitro root induction in half- strength MS medium with NAA (1.0mgl-1). Field transfer of in vitro rooted plantlets were carried out by transferring the plantlets to pots containing sand: soil: FYM (farmyard manure) in 1:1:1 ratio, maintained in nursery at 30±2°C and relative humidity of 80±5%. Micropropagated plants achieved a height of 30-35 cm with 3-4 tillers (shoots) with miniature rhizome within four months.
Keywords
Bamboo, B. vulgaris cv. Wamin, Micropropagation, axillary shoot proliferation
Statistics
Article View:
PDF Download:1048
XML Download:355