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Online ISSN: 2278-1404

International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Regarding Tuberculosis Among Treatment Partners Attending Urban Health Care Centre, KMC, Mangalore-A Cross-Sectional Study


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Year 2013 Vol 2 Issue 3
Document Type : Original article
1Sanam Jindal*
1Department of Community Medicines, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore 575001, Karnataka, India.
Abstract
This study aims to describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards tuberculosis (TB) among treatment partners seen at the out-patient department (OPD) of the Lady Hill Urban Health Care Centre, KMC, Mangalore from April to May 2009.

A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards TB among treatment partners (age more than 12 years old; pediatric age group was excluded) seen at the OPD. A pre-validated questionnaire, which consisted of 20 questions, was distributed to treatment partners of these patients. Results: Out of the 184 respondents, 154 (83.70%) were aware of and had good knowledge about TB. Eighty-one percent of the respondents had acceptable attitudes and practices toward the disease. 96% were aware that TB is a highly infectious disease, while 79.3% believed that it is a curable disease. The main source of information about tuberculosis was the mass media (newspapers, television and radio) in 42.5% of the respondents. In the survey, only 16.3% patients were aware about DOTS and only 42.4% knew about free treatment services.
There is still a need to strengthen the educational activities on TB through mass media; they are excellent venues for information-dissemination, thus, leading to better case detection.
Keywords
Tuberculosis DOTS WHO MDR Treatment partners.
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