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Online ISSN: 2278-1404

International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Incidence of synchronous sporadic flowering of four different species of bamboos in Kokrajhar District, BTAD, Assam, India


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Year 2018 Vol 7 Issue 1
Document Type : Short Communication
1Arvind Kumar Goyal 2Derhasat Narzary 3Sushil Kumar Middha 4Talambedu Usha
1Centre for Bamboo Studies, Bodoland University, Kokrajhar-783370, B.T.A.D, Assam, India; 2Department of Biotechnology, Bodoland University, Kokrajhar-783370, B.T.A.D
2Department of Biotechnology, Bodoland University, Kokrajhar-783370, B.T.A.D, Assam, India
3Department of Biotechnology, MLA College for Women, Bangalore-560012, Karnataka, India
4Department of Biochemistry, MLA College for Women, Bangalore-560012, Karnataka, India
Abstract
The successive generation continues in angiosperm through flowering. The parent plants of some of the members that belong to Poaceae family dies after flowering.A member of the subfamily Bambusoideae of Poaceae, bamboos, exhibit similar characteristics.
In this paper, an attempt have been made to document the incidence of the flowering of bamboo in Kokrajhar district of BTAD, Assam.
Four bamboo species viz. Bambusa assamica, Bambusa tulda, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii and Melocanna baccifera belonging to three different genera were recorded to flower sporadically during March-May 2015 at Chandrapara, Odlaguri, Baukhungri hills, Chandrapara respectively.
All the recorded species were semelparous i.e. the life cycle of the plant ends with flowering. Thus if the flowering continues in the same frequency the time may come in near future when this invaluable natural resource might become endangered or even extinct. Thus, this is the need of the hour to apply biotechnological tools and develop protocols for propagation and conservation and thus, save this green gold from germplasm erosion
Keywords
Bamboo, Bambusa tulda, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Melocanna baccifera, Bambusa assamica, sporadic flowering
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